Oldsmobile is one of the oldest American automakers, established in 1897. While many people believe that the Ford Model T was the first mass-produced automobile, the Oldsmobile Model R was actually the first mass-produced car to roll off of an assembly line. Oldsmobile would later become the middle line in the GM conglomerate, separating lower-tier Chevy and Pontiac from higher-tier Buick and Cadillac. Between the 1920s and 1940s, Oldsmobile would introduce a few key innovations to the automotive world, including the first fully automatic transmission and one of the first overhead valve V8 engine designs called the Oldsmobile Rocket V8. The Rocket V8, and the subsequent Oldsmobile model that made the engine famous, the Oldsmobile 88, would prove to outperform anything else on the market at the time. Despite Oldsmobile’s success in the early 1950s, they began to fall behind their competition in the latter half of the decade. The 1960s would be a new and prosperous period for Oldsmobile as they ventured into the performance car segment. The Oldsmobile F-85 would be introduced in 1961 as a compact sedan with a 215 CID V8. The Oldsmobile 442 would be the high-performance offshoot of the F-85, featuring a 330 CID V8 and a 400 CID V8 later in its production cycle. The Oldsmobile Cutlass would also be one of the brand’s most successful models and one of the best-selling American cars in the 1970s and 1980s. It features a 330 CID Jetfire Rocket V8 and a 400 CID V8 later in its production cycle.

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